Agroforestry for Sustainability: An Online Resource Collection

Agroforestry for Sustainability

Agroforestry, the practice of integrating trees and woodland areas into agricultural land, offers significant ecological and economic benefits. This intersection of forestry and agriculture represents a great opportunity as the necessity for more efficient and ecologically friendly food production systems grows more urgent. It is a fascinating field and one to consider as you plan out your forestry degree. Trees planted among or alongside agricultural crops can provide such benefits as:

  • Preventing soil erosion
  • Protecting crops from wind damage
  • Ensuring proper drainage
  • Sequestering carbon
  • Allowing more diverse crops to be grown on the same parcel of land

The ecological benefits alone are enough to justify implementing agroforestry on a larger scale. The economic benefits of increased crop yield and diversity are substantial as well. The sites below have great info on agroforestry, agronomy, tree farming, and other sciences at the intersection of forestry and farming. These sites are not being rated comparatively. They each offer expertise and insight on a different facet of this complex and fascinating topic.

Agroforestry Research & Organizations

Interest in agroforestry is steadily growing as more and more research confirms the ecological and economic benefits of combining forestry and farming.

  1. Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR)

    Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR)

    The Center for International Forestry Research is a nonprofit, global facility dedicated to environmental conservation and equity. Their research enables more informed decision making about the use and management of forests in less-developed countries.
  2. International Centre for Research in Agroforestry

    International Centre for Research in Agroforestry

    The World Agroforestry Centre (previously known as ICRAF) works through the support of Australia and other developed countries to address global poverty, hunger and environmental needs in developing countries.
  3. CAFNR News: Horticultural and Agroforestry Research Center

    CAFNR News: Horticultural and Agroforestry Research Center

    CAFNR is the University of Missouri’s College of Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources department, focusing on research, education, and sustainability. Much of their research focuses on horticultural and agroforestry, and the developments in these areas.
  4. USDA National Agroforestry Center

    USDA National Agroforestry Center

    The USDA National Agroforestry Center works to promote agroforestry through a national network of partners. They conduct research, develop technologies and tools, coordinate demonstrations and training, and provide useful information to natural resource professionals.
  5. University of the Virgin Islands: Agroforestry

    University of the Virgin Islands: Agroforestry

    AES Agroforestry research is involved in mapping and forest restoration and enrichment. The UVI-AES Agroforestry Program explores efficient, inexpensive methods for restoring native forests and increasing conservation awareness.
  6. The James Hutton Institute: Agroforestry at Glensaugh

    The James Hutton Institute: Agroforestry at Glensaugh

    The James Hutton Institute works to deliver evidence-based solutions land and natural resource use both now and in the future. Their scientists contribute knowledge, products and services to help sustain and conserve natural resources.
  7. Organic Research Centre Elm Farm: Eco-agroforestry

    Organic Research Centre Elm Farm: Eco-agroforestry

    This site focuses on best practices and principles in organic farming. One section of research and development they focus on is eco-agroforestry and its many benefits, including soil management, microclimate modification, weed control, natural fencing, carbon sequestration and nutrient recycling.
  8. RUNA Foundation

    runa

    The RUNA foundation’s mission is to look for new ways to create value for tropical forests that benefit local people and forest eco-systems. They conduct scientific and participatory research, engage in community outreach, and promote cultural exchange.
  9. Whitescarver Blog

    Whitescarver Blog

    Bobby is a retired field conservationist with 31 years of experience with the United States Department of Agriculture. He helps his clients by implementing livestock grazing systems and other conservation projects.
  10. ASB Agroforestry Publications

    ASB Agroforestry Publications

    ASB is focused on reducing emissions from land use change, including forestry, agriculture, while ensuring viable livelihoods and enhancing social and environmental benefits. They work in the Amazon, Congo Basin, South East Asia, and other parts of the globe.
  11. Agroforestry Design,LLC

    Agroforestry Design, LLC

    Agroforestry Design LLC does professional agroforestry, agricultural, and permaculture consultation, design, erosion control, habitat restoration, research, education and advocacy for farms, gardeners and homeowners, landowners, and land managers. They serve clients throughout Hawaii with difficult sites, crop diversification, niche crop development and pest problems.
  12. Silvoarable Agroforestry For Europe

    Silvoarable Agroforestry For Europe

    This project builds on recent findings that indicate that modern silvoarable production systems are very efficient in terms of resource use. Their goals include unifying European policy guidelines for implementing agroforestry and reducing the uncertainties concerning the validity of silvoarable systems.
  13. Oregon State University Pacific Northwest Agroforestry Working Group

    Oregon State University Pacific Northwest Agroforestry Working Group

    The OSU provides undergraduate and graduate degrees in three departments, Forest Engineering, Resources & Management, Forest Ecosystems & Society, and Wood Science and Engineering. They are known for quality teaching and research programs focused on forests and related resources.
  14. Four Best Management: Agroforestry Services

    Four Best Management: Agroforestry Services

    Expert consultants from Four Best Management Inc. are dedicated to high quality agroforestry consultant services. Farmers and woodlot owners use their professional services to implement the best agroforestry.
  15. Agroforestry research at the Institute for Forest Growth

    Agroforestry research at the Institute for Forest Growth

    The Institute for Forest Growth, University of Freiburg, has been one of the leaders in agricultural development.
    Their original research has inspired various national and international research projects where import agro-forestry concepts have been further developed
  16. Agroforestry Research Trust

    Agroforestry Research Trust

    The Agroforestry Research Trust is a non-profit charity registered in England, which researches temperate agroforestry and aspects of plant cropping and uses, with a focus on tree, shrub and perennial crops. The organization also produces and sells several publications, a quarterly journal, other relevant books, and even sells plants.
  17. Tnau Agritechportal Forestry Technologies

    Tnau Agritechportal Forestry Technologies

    This is a great resource for anyone curious about the intersection of forestry and agriculture. The site provides great definitions and guidelines for agroforestry systems, silvopastoral systems, and more.
  18. CGIAR

    CGIAR

    CGIAR is a global partnership that unites organizations engaged in research focused on food security. They are dedicated to reducing rural poverty, increasing food security, improving human health and nutrition, and ensuring more sustainable management of natural resources.
  19. Bugwood Glossary for Agroforestry

    Bugwood Glossary for Agroforestry

    This agroforestry glossary was created by the College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences at University of Georgia. The site contains a comprehensive list of definitions related to agroforestry and forest resources.
  20. Bioversity International Caribbean Agricultural Research and Development Institute (CARDI)

    Bioversity International Caribbean Agricultural Research and Development Institute (CARDI)

    For over 30 years the Caribbean Agricultural Research and Development Institute (CARDI) has been steadfast in providing sterling contributions to the growth and development of the agricultural sector of Member Countries of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM).
  21. Agroforestry World

    Agroforestry World

    The World Agroforestry Centre is a research organization that focuses on how incorporating trees into agricultural landscapes can reduce poverty, improve productivity and achieve environmental sustainability. This blog is about how research into agroforestry can improve the livelihoods of smallholder farmers in the developing world and benefit the environment.
  22. University of Missouri Center for Agroforestry

    University of Missouri Center for Agroforestry

    The Center for Agroforestry strives to establish new and profitable crops for Missouri land and forest owners. They evaluate the production of nut crops, herbs, and non-timber products.
  23. Association for Temperate Agroforestry – AFTA

    Association for Temperate Agroforestry - AFTA

    The mission of AFTA is to promote the wider adoption of agroforestry by landowners in temperate regions of North America. AFTA pursues its mission through activities such as networking, information exchange, public education, and policy development.
  24. Agroforestry

    Agroforestry

    Agroforestry Net, Inc. is dedicated to providing educational resources about agroforestry, trees, and sustainable stewardship of land and water. They work to promote sustainable, diverse, and thriving agroecosystems, communities, and economies through education and research.
  25. EURAF – European Agroforestry Federation

    EURAF - European Agroforestry Federation

    The European Agroforestry Federation (EURAF) aims at promoting the use of trees on farms, as well as any kind of incorporating domesticated animals (silvopastoralism), throughout the different environmental regions of Europe. EURAF has about 250 members from 18 different European countries.
  26. The Farm Woodland Forum

    The Farm Woodland Forum

    The Farm Woodland Forum (formerly the UK Agroforestry Forum) aims to facilitate the generation and exchange of information that supports best practice in and improves opportunities for farming with trees.
  27. AgForward

    AgForward

    AGFORWARD (AGroFORestry that Will Advance Rural Development) aims to promote agroforestry practices in Europe that will advance rural development i.e. improved competitiveness, and social and environmental enhancement. The project involves two international institutions and over 23 universities, research and farming organizations from across Europe.
  28. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations: Agroforestry

    Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations: Agroforestry

    Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) promotes agroforestry using multisectoral approaches. They aim to make agriculture, forestry and fisheries more productive and sustainable, and enable inclusive and efficient agricultural and food systems.
  29. Agroforestry Systems with Perennial Crops: Scientific Partnership Platform

    Agroforestry Systems with Perennial Crops: Scientific Partnership Platform

    PCP-Agroforestry’s primary mission is to increase the competitiveness and sustainability of the agricultural sector of Mesoamerica with perennial crops, in particular coffee and cocoa. This platform is an initiative to bring together scientists from across many disciplines to address this challenge.
  30. Farming the Woods

    Farming the Woods

    The book Farming the Woods emphasizes forest farming strategies for the Eastern forests. It is a comprehensive resource for forest owners and farmers who want to learn about forest farming.
  31. International Union of Forest Research Organizations (IUFRO)

    International Union of Forest Research Organizations (IUFRO)

    IUFRO is a non-profit, non-governmental international network of forest scientists, which promotes global cooperation in forest-related research and enhances the understanding of the ecological, economic and social aspects of forests and trees.
  32. Ag Marketing Resource Center

    Ag Marketing Resource Center

    AGMRC is a national information resource for agriculture related enterprises. They have resources for food production, agricultural marketing, renewable energy, and more.
  33. Association for Strengthening Agricultural Research in Eastern and Central Africa (ASARECA)

    Association for Strengthening Agricultural Research in Eastern and Central Africa (ASARECA)

    The Association for Strengthening Agricultural Research in Eastern and Central Africa (ASARECA) is a sub-regional not-for-profit association. Consisting of 10 member countries (Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda), ASARECA aims to be the regional leader in agricultural research and development for improved livelihoods in Eastern and Central Africa.
  34. Mid-American Agroforestry Working Group

    Mid-American Agroforestry Working Group

    The purpose of the Mid-American Agroforestry Working Group (MAAWG) is to provide coordination to help advance the science, practice and adoption of agroforestry by natural resource professionals and landowners in the Midwest region of the United States.
  35. Agroforestry Development Centre

    Agroforestry Development Centre

    Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada’s Agroforestry Development Centre is dedicated to producing new knowledge and better understanding of trees and agroforestry practices. They work on research projects at regional, national and international levels that focus on improving technology to enhance tree health and growth and work to develop diverse, adapted tree genetics.
  36. Forests, Trees and Agroforestry

    Forests, Trees and Agroforestry

    This research project focuses on forest management and governance. They work towards creating biodiversity conservation, management and conservation of forest and tree resources, and boosting the productivity and sustainability of forestry for anyone involved in agriculture and farming.
  37. NARO Agroforestry Research

    NARO Agroforestry Research

    The major research happening at NARO includes wood and high value tree production, soil fertility replenishment, and tree fodder production. Their research helps scientists, students, farmers, and others involved in agriculture and forestry.
  38. Agroforestry News

    Agroforestry News

    Permaculture Activist provides important information about permaculture design, edible landscaping, bioregionalism, earthworks, forestry, soils, agriculture and more. Their Agroforestry News periodical focuses on reports on agroforestry research projects, forest gardening, and features regular articles on fruit and nut growing.
  39. Wild Thyme Farm Agroforestry

    Wild Thyme Farm Agroforestry

    Kirk Hanson shares a compelling article about the need to introduce agroforestry systems into wild thyme farming. He reminds anyone interested in forestry, farming, and agriculture that diversifying systems can improve crop quality and maximizes land use.
  40. Silvopastoral Agroforestry Toolbox

    Silvopastoral Agroforestry Toolbox

    This site was created by the Macaulay Land Use Research Institute to help farmers and land managers assess the potential of silvopastoral agroforestry as an alternative land use and to provide information on how to manage a silvopastoral agroforestry system. The information on the site is comprised of careful research conducted by number of institutions in the UK Agroforestry Forum.
  41. World Resources Institute: Agroforestry

    World Resources Institute: Agroforestry

    WRI is a global research organization that spans more than 50 countries, with offices in the United States, China, India, Brazil, and more. They focus on six critical issues at the intersection of environment and development: climate, energy, food, forests, water, and cities and transport.
  42. Juglans Agroforestry Homepage

    Juglans Agroforestry Homepage

    The website juglans.org (which name derives from the walnut tree plant) contains a wealth of information about agroforestry including silvopasture, windbreaks, sustainability farming and alley cropping.
  43. Philippine Agroforestry Education and Research Network (PAFERN)

    Philippine Agroforestry Education and Research Network (PAFERN)

    The Philippine Agroforestry Education and Research Network (PAFERN) is a coalition of 35 agroforestry institutions engaged in agroforestry education, research and development in the Philippines. PAFERN started in 1998 as an informal coalition of state colleges and universities engaged in agroforestry education programs, but became a proper organization in 2003.
  44. Washington Farm Forestry Association (WFFA)

    Washington Farm Forestry Association (WFFA)

    Washington Farm Forestry Association (WFFA is) an organization of and for forest landowners in Washington State. Members own from a few acres to a few thousand acres and manage them for timber, other forest products, wildlife, fish, recreation, and aesthetics. Forestry professionals and interested individuals who do not own forest land are welcome to join as Associate members.
  45. VANASIRI : Agro Forestry Consultancy Private Limited

    VANASIRI: Agro Forestry Consultancy Private Limited

    VANASIRI is an agriculture consultancy consisting of professional agriculture consultants who are in agriculture farming and development business. They provide expertise to all agro investors to gain good returns in the field of agriculture.
  46. Coppice Agroforestry – Perennial Silviculture for the 21st Century

    Coppice Agroforestry - Perennial Silviculture for the 21st Century

    This is a website for a book written by Dave Jacke and Mark Krawczyk about ecological design. Coppice Agroforestry serves as a detailed manual for foresters, farmers, craftspeople, and land managers describing the history, ecology, economics, design, and management of agroforestry systems based on the repeated harvest of small diameter wood products from resprouting tree stumps.
  47. PCAARRD Agroforestry Information Network

    PCAARRD Agroforestry Information Network

    The Agroforestry Information Network is a computer-based data bank that serves as a repository of knowledge/information about agroforestry.
  48. AGFOR

    AGFOR

    AGFOR is a dynamic multi-disciplinary consultant’s pool of experts in various disciplines related to environment, forestry, agriculture, integrated rural development and poverty alleviation.
  49. Agroforestry Industry Development Initiative

    Agroforestry Industry Development Initiative

    The Agroforestry Industry Development Initiative (AIDI) is working to support the development and adoption of agroforestry practices for the benefit of all British Columbians.  
     
     
     

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Agroecology Resources

Agroecology takes into account the unique ecosystems fostered by various combinations of plant and animal species in agricultural settings. Incorporating elements of agriculture, forestry, and ecology can have incredible effects on the productivity of a particular parcel of land.

  1. Groundswell International: Agroecological Farming

    Groundswell International: Agroecological Farming

    This group focuses on sustainable agriculture, ecological agriculture, low-external input agriculture and people-centered agriculture. This kind of agriculture and food production creates strong communities and sustained farming over time.
  2. Community Agroecology Network (CAN)

    Community Agroecology Network (CAN)

    Community Agroecology Network is an international organization actively working in eight regions of Mexico and Central America. Their programs promote agroecological farming practices that produce healthy food and healthy environments, food security, and more.
  3. Rothamsted Research: Agroecology

    Rothamsted Research: Agroecology

    This organization works to understand the ecological mechanisms that deliver sustainable crop production. Their research focuses on the areas of weed ecology, soil ecology, insect migration and more.
  4. Agroecology in Action

    Agroecology in Action

    This laboratory is involved in several field projects in California, testing the effects of biological corridors in annual cropping systems. The research performed by this group provides the basic ecological principles for how to study, design, and manage sustainable agroecosystems that are both productive and natural resource conserving.
  5. Agroecology

    Agroecology

    This website supplies information and resources for developing sustainable food systems, research, and creates application of agroecological science to solving real world problems. They also conduct training courses and intensive workshops to support activities linking agroecology and sustainability.
  6. Appalachian State University: Sustainable Development Teaching and Research Farm

    Appalachian State University: Sustainable Development Teaching and Research Farm

    The department of sustainable development at Appalachian State University has a Teaching and Research Farm and Agroecology Laboratory that educates students and assists local farmers in researching best practices. Students utilize the farm to enhance their classroom lessons about agroecology, agroforestry, and sustainable farming practices.
  7. Agroecology and Sustainable Agriculture Program (ASAP)

    Agroecology and Sustainable Agriculture Program (ASAP)

    The Agroecology and Sustainable Agriculture program resides within the Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Sciences at the University of Illinois. Their current mission is to advance sustainable and organic food and farming systems in Illinois.
  8. Aarhus University Department of Agroecology Research

    Aarhus University Department of Agroecology Research

    The department of Agroecology Research is organized into six research sections. Their research includes crop health, soil fertility, climate and water, soil physics, and plant pathology.
  9. Holzer AgroEcology

    Holzer AgroEcology

    Sepp Holzer’s AgroEcology is a natural form of agriculture based on the cycles and interactions in nature. These strategies have proven to be both ecologically beneficial and economically successful.  
     
     

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Agronomy Info

Soil quality is deeply affected by the plants that grow in it, and the methods of farming used on it in agricultural settings. Agronomy is the study of how different conditions affect soil quality, and how to optimize soil quality for agricultural purposes using natural, ecological methods.

  1. American Society of Agronomy

    American Society of Agronomy

    ASA is a progressive scientific society that reaches its members through publications, recognition and awards, placement service, certification programs, meetings, and student activities. They are dedicated to the conservation and wise use of natural resources to produce food, feed, and fiber crops while maintaining and improving the environment.
  2. European Journal of Agronomy

    European Journal of Agronomy

    The European Journal of Agronomy is the official journal of the European Society for Agronomy and publishes original research papers reporting experimental and theoretical contributions to crop science. They print articles that focus on plant-soil relationships, farming and cropping systems, and more.
  3. Louisiana Agricultural Experiment Station

    Louisiana Agricultural Experiment Station

    The Louisiana Agricultural Experiment Station research is conducted through approved projects that meet specific criteria. Each project is assigned a CRIS number which is used to track the progress of the research and to report the project status to the Louisiana Agricultural Experiment Station and U.S. Department of Agriculture.
  4. Soil Science Society of America

    Soil Science Society of America

    Soil Science Society of America is an international scientific society that fosters the knowledge and practices to sustain global soils. They are based in Madison, WI, and currently home for over 6,000 members and 1,000 certified professionals dedicated to advancing the field of soil science.
  5. West Virginia University Agronomy Research

    West Virginia University Agronomy Research

    West Virginia University has an entire department dedicated to plant and soil sciences. Some of their research objectives include nutrient cycling, soil reclamation, methods of crop livestock production under organic management, and weed management in horticultural systems.
  6. Agronomy for Sustainable Development

    Agronomy for Sustainable Development

    Agronomy for Sustainable Development offers scientific research on interactions between cropping systems and other activities in the context of sustainable development. The journal publishes original research articles focused on agroecology, sustainable agriculture, ecological production, and innovation in farming systems, preservation of natural resources and more.
  7. NCDA&CS Agronomic Services Division PALS (Public Access Laboratory-information-management System)

    NCDA&CS Agronomic Services Division PALS (Public Access Laboratory-information-management System)

    PALS provides access to soil tests, plant tissue, waste and other reports. These reports are key in farming practices, understanding what to plant, and more.
  8. International Agronomy Day

    International Agronomy Day

    Faculty of the College of Agricultural, Consumer, and Environmental Sciences at the University of Illinois are actively engaged in research that looks to provide solutions to many global food security issues. The Department of Crop Sciences at the University of Illinois encourages producers from around the globe to participate in sharing the latest in agronomy, weed science, crop production, pest management, agricultural economics and more.
  9. Washington State University Department of Crop and Soil Sciences: Research at Cook Agronomy Farm

    Washington State University Department of Crop and Soil Sciences: Research at Cook Agronomy Farm

    Research at the Cook Agronomy Farm involves more than 20 scientists. It focuses on cropping techniques that optimize inputs, such as fertilizer and fuel, and protect natural resources, such as soil, but are productive and profitable.
  10. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science

    Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science

    The Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science are available online for anyone looking to study research related soil, farming, and conservation around the world. Some published studies include the effect of nitrogen fertilization on methane and carbon dioxide production, assessing the depletion of soil in various areas, and much more.
  11. Farm Agronomy & Resource Management Blog

    Farm Agronomy & Resource Management Blog

    Farm Agronomy and Resource is a soil and crop fertility agronomy consulting agency. They use nutritional, structural and biological components and research to create reports and informational resources for farmers.
  12. National FFA Organization: Agronomy CDE

    National FFA Organization: Agronomy CDE

    The National FFA organization works to create strong leadership in agricultural students. Participants in the Agronomy CDE possess an in-depth knowledge of seeds, insects, soils and crops.
  13. Agronomic Acumen

    Agronomic Acumen

    Agronomic Acumen is a consultancy firm that specializes in agronomy and is based in Albany, Western Australia. They manage farms for investors and landowners who want maximum, sustainable profits using the best agronomic techniques.  
     
     

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Forest Farming

Some crops are much more productive if they grow under a forest canopy in partial shade. Forest farmers take advantage of this to produce high-value crops while maintaining large swatches of valuable forested land.

  1. North Carolina Forest Action Plan

    North Carolina Forest Action Plan

    This site serves as a statewide analysis of the past, current and projected future conditions of North Carolina’s forest resources. This research is necessary for planning the future of southern forests.
  2. Center for Environmental Farming Systems

    Center for Environmental Farming Systems

    CEFS develops and promotes equitable food and farming systems that conserve natural resources, strengthen communities, improve health outcomes, and provide economic opportunities in North Carolina and beyond. They work to develop technologies that promote a cleaner and healthier environment, as well as engage and educate their communities.
  3. NC State University: Forest Farming in North America

    NC State University: Forest Farming in North America

    This article discusses the basics of forest farming in America, including what crops can be grown, such as medicinal herbs and mushrooms. It also discusses the economics of forest farming, and how to sell forest crops.
  4. These Light Footsteps: Forest Farming, Inoculating Mushroom Logs, and a Surprise

    These Light Footsteps: Forest Farming, Inoculating Mushroom Logs, and a Surprise

    Christine is a permaculturist, herbalist, and biologist who regularly blogs about sustainable living. She regularly writes about herbalism, backyard farming, permaculture projects, simple living, and finding spirit in nature.
  5. Indigenous Rainforest Keepers: Farming with Nature

    Indigenous Rainforest Keepers: Farming with Nature

    This site focuses on conserving and preserving forests and farms using indigenous farming methods. These small scale farming produce unique and rare foods.
  6. Food Forest Farm

    Food Forest Farm

    Food Forest Farm is a community enterprise that promotes permaculture and the re-learning of small scale agricultural skills and local food production. The organization was founded by a family looking for a way to do something even more productive with their edible forest garden and the diverse, useful plants they were already growing.
  7. Forest Agriculture Enterprises

    Forest Agriculture Enterprises

    Forest Agricultural Enterprises is an organization that promotes the practices of perennial agriculture, permaculture, and agroforestry as sustainable alternatives to the monocropping that produces most foods today. Mark and Jen Shephard practice ecologically sustainable farming on a 110 acre plot in Wisconsin, and they actively promote sustainable farming through writing, consulting, and events.
  8. Virginia Department of Forestry: Riparian Forest Buffers

    Virginia Department of Forestry: Riparian Forest Buffers

    The Virginia Department of Forestry works closely with landowners, other state and federal agencies, private companies, and universities to develop and manage forest and associated natural resources for multiple benefits. Regarding the emerging field of agro-forestry, the science and practice are just developing here in Virginia. VDOF is working with Virginia Tech, Virginia State University, and the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service and the USDA Forest Service, Chesapeake Bay Program in this area.
  9. Living Tree Educational Foundation: Forest Farming & Gardening

    Living Tree Educational Foundation: Forest Farming & Gardening

    Foresting gardening and farming accomplishes the ultimate in diversity and abundance in crops, and is a source of wholesome, efficient, and sustainable farm to food production. The Living Tree Educational Foundation works to promote this model and philosophy by providing education to farmers.
  10. Sustainable Agriculture Research & Education: Shiitake Mushrooms and Forest Farming

    Sustainable Agriculture Research & Education: Shiitake Mushrooms and Forest Farming

    Shiitake mushrooms can easily and profitably be cultivated as a forest grown crop. This guide covers key caveats about tree selection, inoculation, and accounting for environmental factors like shade and humidity of fungi while growing shiitake mushrooms.
  11. ECHO

    ECHO

    For over 30 years, ECHO has operated Regional Impact Centers (Chiang Mai, Arusha, Tanzania, South Africa, etc.), strategically located around the world to bring much-needed agricultural resources within reach of the small-scale farmers that need them.  
     
     

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Alley Cropping & Windbreaks

Alley cropping is the practice of interlacing rows of crops with rows of trees, hedges, or other plants that can provide protection and shelter to the crops. This is an increasingly popular way of increasing the yields and diversity of crops for some farms.

  1. Maine Organic Farmers and Gardeners Association: Alley Cropping in MOFGA’s Demonstration Orchard

    Maine Organic Farmers and Gardeners Association: Alley Cropping in MOFGA’s Demonstration Orchard

    Jack Kertesz spearheaded the alley cropping demonstration at MOFGA’s orchard. This demonstration showed how annual and perennial crops could be interplanted in a young orchard to gain income while waiting for fruit trees to mature.
  2. Sustainable Harvest International: Alley Cropping

    Sustainable Forest International: Alley Cropping

    The mission of Sustainable Harvest International is to provide farming families in Central America with the training and tools to preserve tropical forests while overcoming poverty. One technique they endorse is alley cropping, which restores nitrogen to the top layer of soil so that farmers can use the same piece of land year after year.
  3. INGA Alley cropping

    INGA Alley cropping

    The Inga Foundation works to help communities and farmers in Honduras change from slash and burn to the tried and tested alternative system. Their research has provided the solution of Alley Cropping, which restores degraded land, provides food security, and generates sustainable livelihoods for farmers.
  4. The Loret Miller Ruppe Program in Forestry: Alley Cropping

    The Loret Miller Ruppe Program in Forestry: Alley Cropping

    This site is maintained by the University of Minnesota, and explains the benefits of alley cropping. These benefits include improved economic stability, improved crop performance, reduced use of pesticides, and environmental stability.
  5. Brightholmlee Trees

    Brightholmlee Trees

    The Boundary Tree Planting project began in 2012 with an intention to replenish native broadleaf hardwood boundary trees. They now plant on privately owned agricultural land, bringing together their rural community and benefiting local agriculture.  
     
     

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More Forestry Resources

Forestry and agriculture have always been deeply linked, and the more that we come to understand how the linkages work, the more we can use that information to both preserve forested land and increase the efficiency of farming efforts in a virtuous cycle that benefits both humanity and our environment.

  1. Missouri Department of Conservation: Windbreaks

    Missouri Department of Conservation: Windbreaks

    Windbreaks can improve wildlife habitat as well as reduce heating bills, provide protection from high winds and snow, and enhance landscape aesthetics. This page, maintained by the Missouri Department of Conservation, encourages the building and maintaining of windbreaks for personal and large scale conservation.
  2. Arbor Day Foundation: How to Plant Trees to Conserve Energy

    Arbor Day Foundation: How to Plant Trees to Conserve Energy

    The Arbor Day foundation celebrates nature and conservation, and regularly invites any landowner to plant trees to benefit the environment. Their winter windbreak article shares the benefits of planting the right trees in the right places to conserve energy, reduce your energy bills and help fight climate change.
  3. Ohio Department of Natural Resources Professional Forester Assistance

    ODNR

    This is a resource from the Ohio Department of Natural Resources that offers support for landowners, professional foresters, and other stewards of natural resources in the state.
  4. Colorado State University: Windbreaks and Living Snow Fences Resources

    Colorado State University: Windbreaks and Living Snow Fences Resources

    This article focuses on instructing interested parties in how to construct a windbreak. Additional topics include energy, fencing, soil, water, and wildlife.
  5. The Rural: Planting a Shelterbelt

    The Rural: Planting a Shelterbelt

    The Rural has a great how-to section for people looking for instructions on crop, resource, or farming related projects. One such how-to discusses the benefits of a shelter belt, including types, size, and how to plant one in different areas.
  6. UW-Madison Center for Integrated Agricultural Systems

    UWMadisonCenterforIntegratedAgriculturalSystems

    UW Madison’s Center for Integrated Agricultural Systems offers info on many ways that forests, agricultural land, and food production systems can be integrated for increased production and sustainability
  7. Alberta Agriculture and Rural Development: Field Shelterbelts for Soil Conservation

    Alberta Agriculture and Rural Development: Field Shelterbelts for Soil Conservation

    A shelterbelt is a barrier of trees or shrubs. This site describes this great tool, which protects soil from erosion and encourage conservation.
  8. Shelterbelt/Windbreak Implementation on the Farm

    Shelterbelt/Windbreak Implementation on the Farm

    This tool provides helpful information to design, implement and maintain a shelterbelt for an animal feeding operation. It also helps to outlines cost-share opportunities to help fund shelterbelt implementation.
  9. WindbreakTrees.com

    WindbreakTrees.com

    This organizations designs, grows and plants windbreaks. Based out of Iowa, they are experts in creating windbreaks that create long-lasting conservation effects and environmental benefits.
  10. Windbreaks and Shelterbelts | Oklahoma Forestry Services

    Windbreaks and Shelterbelts | Oklahoma Forestry Services

    OFS Foresters are available to provide on-site recommendations, information and design for new windbreaks and shelterbelts. They can also provide assistance in renovating existing plantings.
  11. Silvopasture

    Silvopasture

    Members use this site to discuss farming, livestock, agriculture and more. This social network is a great place to discuss ideas and techniques, ask questions, and list events.
  12. Penn State Extension: Windbreaks

    Penn State Extension: Windbreaks

    The college of Agricultural Sciences at Penn State helps to establish and maintain standards of use for windbreaks. Understanding the ideal windbreak structure — height, density, number of rows, species composition, length, orientation, and continuity – determines the effectiveness of a windbreak in reducing wind speed and altering the microclimate.
  13. Windbreaks – Texas A&M Forest Service

    Windbreaks - Texas A&M Forest Service

    Texas A&M Forest Service provides statewide leadership to assure the state’s trees, forests and related natural resources are protected and sustained for the benefit of all.
  14. North Jersey RC&D – “What is a Riparian Forest Buffer?”

    North Jersey RC&D -

    The purpose of this website is to promote the preservation and reestablishment of Riparian Forest Buffers along the rivers and streams of New Jersey, and to inform citizens about the benefits of promoting and preserving these areas.
  15. Understanding the Science Behind Riparian Forest Buffers: Effects on Water Quality

    Understanding the Science Behind Riparian Forest Buffers: Effects on Water Quality

    Virginia Cooperative Extension brings the resources of Virginia’s land-grant universities, Virginia Tech and Virginia State University, to the people of the commonwealth. This particular piece of research discusses the effects of water quality on riparian boundaries or floodplains, and why forest buffers should be considered in these areas.
  16. Iowa DNR: Forested Riparian Buffers

    Iowa DNR: Forested Riparian Buffers

    This is a portion of the Forestry Landowner Assistance, telling Iowans about Forested Riparian Buffers, how they can incorporate them into their property and why this technique is effective.
  17. ForestConnect

    ForestConnect

    ForestConnect, as a program and philosophy, emphasizes the interconnectedness of a land-grant university with society’s need for sustainable forests. Research questions originate from stakeholders who have practical needs and from staff who interact with multiple stakeholders. The Cornell Cooperative Extension system provides the vehicle to deliver research and experienced-based knowledge back to stakeholders.

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